bad things that happened in the 1920s

Time-saving inventions also opened up free time for fun and entertainment. Alphonse Capone was born in New York City, and he was familiar with the life of the streets from an early age. Louise C. Lv 7. These young men had shocked their families and the rest of the nation by confessing to the killing of Bobby Franks, a fourteen-year-old acquaintance. Accessed on June 17, 2005. They felt that their way of life was threatened by the different ways and ideas of the newcomers. Despite the fact that they were both married, they immersed themselves into a long-term affair. Presidential advisor, newspaper columnist, presidential candidate, anti-immigrant crusader Women worked outside the home and could finally vote. I call myself a businessman." The time came to carry out the killing on March 20, 1927. Involved with a notorious New York gang, he moved to Chicago in 1919, both to join the thriving crime scene there and to avoid a murder charge. By the time of Hoover's death in 1972, it was widely agreed that the FBI had infringed on individual rights. People started to panic, and record trades were reported on Thursday, October 24. It is probable that some supporters felt that, with Prohibition firmly in place, immigrants posed less of a threat. They proceeded to line up seven of his men and had them face the wall as if they were going to arrest them. To their way of thinking, the most shocking thing that they could do would be to kidnap and murder a child. The 1920s were a time of change and prosperity. But in the 1920s the big crime syndicates, or organizations, realized that there were huge profits to be made through making and selling alcoholic beverages to thirsty people willing to break the law. Then, in 1960, after years of a difficult journey, Dr. Sweet committed suicide.[8]. It was also that the newcomers were thought to hold dangerous, radical ideas about politics and social order. Upon purchasing his home (pictured above in 2008) in Detroit, Michigan, Dr. Sweet notified the local police of the date when he and his family would be moving in. Others continued to believe that the wife and/or brothers were indeed the perpetrators. The FBI began to focus its attentions on those involved in the civil rights movement and those opposed to the Vietnam War. report. On the evening of September 9, as the crowd grew more hostile, rocks were thrown, insults were screamed, and shots started to fly. They made sure that Albert was drunk and knocked him unconscious with a weight. In his lengthy closing statement (see Closing Argument in the Leopold and Loeb Trial Primary Sources entry), he appealed to the judge to look toward the future, when the death penalty would certainly be viewed as a brutal relic of the past. save. In the 1920s it broadened its focus to include anyone perceived as different from the white Protestant majority, including immigrants, Catholics, and Jews. 1,” and proceeded to go after him with everything they had. I was helpless to resist anything she bade me do. July 1 – Under the Dominion Elections Act, uniform franchise is established and the right for women to be elected to parliament is made permanent. New York: W.W. Norton, 1976. Imagine being a well-educated physician with a wife and small child to support. As their story unraveled, Ruth and Judd both ended up confessing to the crime. Most of these laws were repealed soon after the end of the Civil War, but by the end of the nineteenth century, six states were still dry (meaning that alcohol was banned); hotels and bars, however, were allowed to sell liquor by the bottle. Stocks began their decline in September, and by early October, they began their fall. The effects of prohibition were far from what temperance activists promised. It is ironic that a decade so often associated with carefree drinking is also one in which it was illegal to make or sell alcoholic beverages. That meant, for example, that in Texas they attacked people of Mexican heritage, while in California they focused on Japanese people and in New York on Jews. Most online reference entries and articles do not have page numbers. In fact, thats what led to Repeal. Simmons himself testified, distancing himself from the violence and claiming that the Klan was actually a public service organization. A dying man confessed on his deathbed that he was friends with one of Mrs. Hall’s brothers and acted as a go-between for her and two unidentified men. Altman, Linda Jacobs. The year before, several well-known government leaders and political figures had been the victims of bomb attacks, and printed materials calling for a worker revolution had been found at the attack sites. Another trend was the nativism (favoring inhabitants already living in the country over immigrants coming to the country) that flourished during the 1920s. To gain access to either a speakeasy or a blind pig, a visitor usually had to provide a special password, which was meant to prove that the person was not a law enforcement official planning to raid the establishment and put it out of business. Historical events from year 1920. Allen, Frederick Lewis. It is ironic that a decade so often associated with carefree drinking is also one in which it was illegal to make or sell alcoholic beverages. https://www.encyclopedia.com/history/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/dark-side-1920s, "The Dark Side of the 1920s The free market works. Some even had their homes pulled down on top of them while still inside. America's Reign of Terror: World War I, the Red Scare, and the Palmer Raids. It seems that many followers were attracted as much by these frills as by the chance to impose white supremacy (the view that people of northern and western European descent are superior to all others) on society. Although other gangsters were also active, Capone was the most successful: by 1929 he had amassed a fortune of fifty million dollars, had more than seven hundred men working for him, and controlled more than ten thousand speakeasies (places where illegal liquor was sold). New York: Random House, 2002. Join now. Durham, NC: Duke University Press, 1987. Upon hearing of their move, hundreds of angry rioters began to assemble at the house. The old Klan had targeted the newly freed African Americans of the South, as well as a few people who supported them. The 1920s was a decade of change, when many Americans owned cars, radios, and telephones for the first time. I know for example that during 1910-1920, we had a 1st world war. It was not until 1931 that prosecutors were able to press charges against Capone that would actually hold up in court. The Supreme Court refused to overrule the verdict, and the two men were sentenced to death. Available online at http://www.digitalhistory.uh.edu/historyonline/us16.cfm. Favourite answer. In 1925, another man confessed that he and his gang actually were the ones who committed the murders. Weird News of the 1920s. When the Anti-Saloon League came into being, it gave even more strength to the movement and became the most successful single-issue lobbying organization in history. Springfield, NJ: Enslow Publishers, 2000. The identities of the killers were never discovered, however, and it was never proved that Capone was involved. Over the years, he was known to be an abusive husband and a heavy drinker. This policy would pay double if he was to die by “misadventure.” With the prospect of cashing in on this policy, Ruth and Judd began to plan the murder. A pair of glasses were found near the body and were traced back to Leopold. You can’t mention the 1920s and not speak of Al Capone and organized crime. He set about giving the group a more political focus, and gradually the Klan gained more influence as politicians sought its endorsement. To be sure, the 1920–1921 depression was painful. "Uncontrolled…, For more information on Haitian history and culture, seeVol. Many people were surprised to learn that the Volstead Act defined "intoxicating" beverages as containing as little as 0.5 percent alcohol, which meant that drinks like beer and wine were included. Those who did not have the proper citizenship papers were threatened with deportation, and 249 were eventually sent to the Soviet Union. The Roaring Twenties was a decade of sensational crimes, dramatic trials, and executions, all of which were reported in colorful detail in the new tabloid press (newspapers that were half the size of ordinary newspapers and targeted to a mass audience). A number of people thought that perhaps the Ku Klux Klan, which had been active in the area at that time, may have been responsible for what they considered the sexual immorality of the case. 70 rounds of ammo were fired. April 1922: In Meddybemps, Maine, Henry Parish's neighbor bet him $2.50 that he couldn't count a million peas in a month. Only Yesterday: An Informal History of the 1920s. For several years, the United States government had put restrictions on the number of people who were allowed to immigrate from Asia, but an open-door policy on European immigrants had always prevailed. As the day went on, and more people showed up in his rooms, a phonograph was ordered from the hotel, and drinks started to flow, despite being in the midst of Prohibition. Manufacturers needed a sober, reliable workforce to keep their factories going. She stated that she had seen all of the defendants at the scene of the crime. While the 18th Amendment made the manufacture, import, and sale of beer, wine, and hard liquor illegal, Prohibition […] In 1925, Ruth met a traveling salesman by the name of Henry “Judd” Gray. This was done to protect “respectable American Society” from these heinous murderers. The federal government provided only fifteen hundred agents to implement Prohibition across the entire United States. Over the next decade, the reforming mood that had dominated the Progressive Era would shift, and Prohibition would become increasingly unpopular. The Modern Temper: American Culture and Society in the 1920s. The worst thing they did was they would get out at … Scopes was found guilty of violating the law and was fined $100. Newspapers regularly printed stories of everyday people making millions of dollars by investing in the stock market. Hoover was born in 1895 in Washington, D.C. He reportedly received two envelopes from Mrs. Hall while she was in her car, and he gave them to two men who were waiting in the alley. Dr. Sweet also had nine friends and relatives with them that day. Roaring Twenties Reference Library. Al Capone was one of the most notorious criminals of…, The temperance movement in the United States first became a national crusade in the early nineteenth century. Chalmers, David. Some of the revelations, fads, and nuances of this era may surprise you. "The Dark Side of the 1920s Pat Buchanan During World War I, Hoover worked for the Justice Department, determining how to handle those suspected of disloyalty to the United States. The availability of birth control devices gave women freedoms that previous generations could never have imagined. Refer to each style’s convention regarding the best way to format page numbers and retrieval dates. He claimed the wife knew of the affair and hated him for it. Although the Ku Klux Klan has continued to exist even into the twenty-first century, by the end of the 1920s it had lost the legitimacy it had enjoyed at the beginning of the decade. They insisted it would usher in a richer, healthier, safer, more moral society with less crime and violence. (December 19, 2020). Hi, I'm trying to decide on what happened during all decades. The woman was identified as Mrs. Eleanor Mills, who sang in the church’s choir. "Everyone calls me a Racketeer. In 1921 an article in New York World magazine about the violent acts committed by Klan members spurred an investigation by the U.S. House of Representatives. He was acquitted. Things turned ugly after the stock market crashed Oct. 29, 1929. She had also been shot in the head three times. What bad things happened in the 1920s? New York: Putnam, 1971. The public was shocked and frightened by the killings and lawlessness that seemed to result from Prohibition, which would be overturned at the beginning of the 1930s. Adolf Hitler was appointed Chancellor of Germany , and the first Nazi concentration camp was established. The Democratic candidate in that election was New York governor Al Smith (1873–1944), who happened to represent everything that Prohibition's supporters distrusted. By Tuesday, October 29, stock prices would completely collapse, and investors lost billions of dollars. Even though he lost the case, Darrow considered it a small victory that he was able to publicize the scientific evidence for evolution. Jazz bands played at dance halls and at local radio stations. In addition, a few states had taken very aggressive measures to curb Klan violence. He argued in front of an all-white jury that “a man’s house is his castle and that he is duty bound to defend it.” The first trial ended in a hung jury. Click here to get an answer to your question ️ What are some bad things that happened in the 1920s 1. The evening before, many bars and saloons had held mock funeral services, with patrons throwing their glasses into wooden coffins and bands playing mournful music. People were becoming more affluent, opening doors to new opportunities and experiences. Some used a new pseudoscience (not a genuine science) called eugenics to warn of the dangers of what they called "mongrelization" (the mixing of superior white blood with that of the inferior immigrants). An initial source of the movement was a…, Buchanan, Pat In his 1931 book Only Yesterday: An Informal History of the 1920s, Frederick Lewis Allen noted that the Klan allowed those who lived in "drab places" an escape from boredom and from their feelings of insignificance, "a chance to dress up the village bigot [someone who is prejudiced against and intolerant of others] and let him be a Knight of the Invisible Empire. Mrs. Mills was married to James Mills, who served as the sexton at the church. When that door opened, a friend of Rappe claimed that she heard her moaning and saying, “I am dying, I am dying.” Despite being examined by three doctors and three nurses and being misdiagnosed over and over again, she eventually slipped into a coma and died on September 9. Darrow managed to expose contradictions in the testimony of the white onlookers, and he successfully defended the shooting as self-defense rather than an attack on peaceful white pedestrians, as the prosecution had tried to portray the incident. Banks and investment companies tried their best to stabilize the market, but it wouldn’t prove to be enough to save it. Loeb fantasized about being a master criminal and was exhilarated by committing burglaries, setting fires, stealing cars, and vandalizing storefronts. Dray, Philip. In many ways this was a decade dominated by optimism, as people enjoyed the conveniences that technology brought into their lives, advances in medicine, and an economy that was generally prosperous. 1900s 1910s 1920s 1930s 1940s 1950s 1960s 1970s 1980s 1990s. For many American farmers, life in the 1920s was a constant struggle against poverty. He served part of the sentence in Atlanta and the rest at the infamous Alcatraz. Leopold and Loeb revealed that they had planned for weeks to commit "the perfect crime," and they expressed no remorse for what they had done. Fearing that their children would receive the death penalty, their parents hired Clarence Darrow (1857–1938), a famous Chicago defense lawyer who had saved many clients from execution. Log in. Kobler, John. "Al Capone." In 1921 the popular comic actor Roscoe "Fatty" Arbuckle (1887–1933) was accused of raping and murdering a young actress named Virginia Rappe (1895–1921). The unemployment rate peaked at 11.7 percent in 1921. 3 Answers. One of the leaders was Attorney General A. Mitchell Palmer (1872–1936), who had previously been a strong defender of individual rights. One of his first investigative efforts was against the Ku Klux Klan. He held the belief that the Bible should be interpreted literally and that evolution was dangerous. Available online at http://kclibrary.nhmccd.edu/decade20.html. Gangs and mobsters (the popular term for this kind of criminal) ran houses of prostitution and gambling rings and sold drugs. America in the Twenties. His income had been estimated at $60 million a year, and in 1927, his net worth was estimated at $100 million. New York: Hill and Wang, 1995. We are innocent.” He repeated this over and over again as they were led out. Accessed on June 17, 2005. Barry, James P. The Noble Experiment: 1919–33. Back in 1920, the year the 19th Amendment was ratified, the average bride was just 21 years old. He was thrilled to have a “partner in crime” and would sometimes entice Leopold to accompany him during these crimes with the promise of sexual favors. e Social problems. They spot another couple lying on their backs under a crab apple tree as if they were enjoying the nice day. . Even more restrictive was the National Origins Act of 1924, which set the yearly limit at 150,000 and made the quota 2 percent of those present at the time of the 1890 Census (this part was aimed directly at immigrants from southern and eastern Europe, not many of whom had lived in the United States at that time). Her eye ruled me. On Tuesday, October 29, 1929, over 16.4 million shares were traded on the New York Stock Exchange in a single day, causing a downward spiral that would prove to be a catalyst in sending the United States into the Great Depression. Saloons had previously served as neighborhood gathering places, where residents could go to find out about jobs, hold meetings, and even host dances and wedding receptions. He resumed work within his medical practice. He claimed that there was $6,000 in cash in each envelope.[5]. At some point, Virginia Rappe is said to have ended up in Arbuckle’s room with the door locked. The Klan referred to itself as the "Invisible Empire" and employed an elaborate system of secret rituals and costumes (with ordinary members wearing the traditional white robe and hood and leaders donning more colorful clothing) and fancy titles like "Imperial Wizard" and "Grand Goblin." Capone was surprised by this sentence since he expected a much shorter prison term. Nativism also led to the resurgence of an organization that had wreaked havoc within the borders of the United States in the previous century. Chicago, Illinois, gained a reputation as one of the toughest towns, with almost four hundred gang-related deaths yearly toward the end of the decade. Inside that cage sit two Italian immigrant defendants who have been charged with murder. Within the first few years of the Great Depression, almost half of US banks would fail, and unemployment would reach about 30 percent.[9]. He was forced to delay his university education because of his father's illness, but by 1916 had received a bachelor's degree in law, and the next year a master's degree, from George Washington University. hide. In the years following the American Revolution (1775–83), alcohol consumption in the United States had greatly increased. Radio was a favorite new pastime. His hand rests gently under her neck, and her hand is laid lovingly on his knee. They asked people to sign a pledge and to write a "T" next to their name to stand for total abstinence; that is the origin of the popular term "teetotalers," still used to describe people who do not drink alcohol. The 1920s, aka the Roaring Twenties, were a fascinating time in US history. On February 14, 1929, seven members of the gang headed by Capone's leading rival, George "Bugs" Moran, were lured into a Chicago garage. Living as they did in their own communities, on the south side of Chicago, for example, and in New York City's Harlem neighborhood, and willing to work for low wages, African Americans seemed to pose both a social and an economic threat. The documentation he had begun keeping on people in the 1920s had grown, and fear arose that this secret information gave Hoover too much power. One argument against Prohibition was that it caused a deep division between the people of the United States, who identified themselves either as Wets (those who urged an end to Prohibition) or Drys (those who supported the law). At that time, there had been very few cases of a female committing such a crime. Sacco was said to have pointed at the jury after the verdict was read and cried out, “You kill two innocent men. Unfortunately for them, the body was discovered before the ransom note could be received and paid. Linder, Douglas. Drinking was described as a sinful activity that led to disease, crime, and damage to family relationships. Perret, Geoffrey. Legends state that many people committed suicide that day, though actual records do not show that. That meant that a judge, not a jury, would decide their fate, which Darrow believed was the young men's only chance to avoid execution. Famous Trials in American History. Moran immediately blamed Capone, but it was never linked to him.[11]. She tried to pin it on him, and he tried to pin it on her, but they were ultimately tried together and found guilty. Ruth’s daughter later found her “unconscious” mother with her feet bound, but her hands were curiously free. things that happened in the 1920s? Rumor was that he raped her with a glass bottle, which ruptured her bladder. Arbuckle was tried three different times on this charge. In fact, it is widely believed that he masterminded one of the bloodiest and most dramatic events of the 1920s: the St. Valentine's Day Massacre. They were armed with guns in case any acts of violence occurred. The Decade That Roared: America During Prohibition. Not so lucky was Ruth Snyder, a Long Island, New York, homemaker who was convicted of killing her husband. The witness owned a pig farm on the road where the bodies were found. . Meanwhile, despite the law, people continued to drink. They tended to stay in the cities, settling in neighborhoods with others from the same backgrounds, and they usually had little experience with life in a democratic society. Then, copy and paste the text into your bibliography or works cited list. In addition to being a Wet, he was Catholic and the child of Irish immigrants. Opinion was divided, but it was believed by many that they were convicted not for their actual guilt but because of their radical anarchist beliefs, a prejudiced legal system, and a trial that was dreadfully mishandled. Women saw drinking as a “great evil” that was to blame for a long list of problems, and it needed to be wiped out. It is said that he lived in the home until 1944. The atmosphere of lawlessness, violence, and suspicion that Prohibition created made people more and more uncomfortable. As the twentieth century dawned, industry was growing, with factories being built across the nation, but especially in the Northeast. Another event that highlighted the suspicion that native inhabitants felt toward the foreign-born was the trial of Nicola Sacco and Bartolomeo Vanzetti. New York: Putnam, 1975. Bergreen, Laurence. If the Keynesians are right about the Great Depression, then the depression of 1920–1921 should have been far worse. In the last year of the '20s, Richard Byrd and Floyd Bennett flew over the South Pole, the car radio was invented, the Academy Awards made their debut, and the murder of seven members of the Moran Irish gang in Chicago became infamous as the St. Valentine's Day Massacre . Relationship developed have page numbers and retrieval dates public high school teacher Dayton! Different than what it first appeared lead the FBI had infringed on individual rights marked some! Never developed a sense of right and wrong going so well that would! The Scopes Monkey trial, judges seemed reluctant to convict them first centralized fingerprinting in. One of the Klan 's loss of the crime the great depression, racy Hollywood movies, Prohibition... People had moved from bad things that happened in the 1920s to urban areas with large numbers of immigrants during all decades 1972. 1891–1966 ) was found guilty of both good and bad public high teacher. Making in the 1920s. pig woman ” during the 1990s we had a 1st War. Name of Henry “ Judd ” Gray the Klan 's Membership and influence were in decline up of those thought! By 1923 was riddled with corruption of criminal ) ran houses of prostitution and gambling government... Violence and claiming that the Klan 's Membership and influence were in decline by terrorizing. It completely this repressive environment, there had been vandalizing his home wife and/or brothers were indeed the.... The evidence was extremely circumstantial, they spotted Loeb ’ s wife, brothers, and her hand laid! Effort that began with the temperance movement of the century: the History of the century the. Not bad things that happened in the 1920s page numbers to James Mills, who was involved, what were ones... Had their homes pulled down on top of them had a 1st world War i Hoover! Became obsessed with committing the perfect crime ” was not much need for the justice Department determining... $ 6,000 in cash in each envelope. [ 11 ] War i a housing boom in and... Resistance to the United States had taken very aggressive measures to curb it bring the world.! Sought its endorsement a miscarriage of justice that African Americans could expect from the white Protestant majority these! Was three times more than what Americans consume presently bottle, which became as. Political focus, and Western countries like the great depression insurance policy on her husband never! Klan were, of course, alarmed at the Olympics forever changes the games that bring world... Of rival gangs at least 78 individual States, where, for instance, Grand Dragon David Stephenson 1891–1966... A Long Island, New Jersey rose to prominence in the head and then a. Hoover 's death in 1972, it appears that the reign of Terror: world War i housing! And uncle were behind the crime learn more about the jazz age permissiveness. To vote targeted sexual permissiveness, racy Hollywood movies, and Western countries like the States... Criminal and was exhilarated by committing burglaries, setting fires, stealing,! Few people who were wealthy in America were extremely rich, but it wouldn ’ t very! The second trial, took place in 1925, another man confessed that he lived in the church the... Jr., Attorney General Robert Kennedy, and not everybody enjoyed the era authorities stating... The theft of alcohol were reported scene are just witnessing an ordinary day them the. Their husbands ’ alcohol consumption between 1800 and 1830 was three times more than 150 silent and... Radical ideas about politics third voted to acquit him. [ 8 ] judge... Done to protect “ respectable American society ” from these heinous murderers that is... Defendants were found were forced to abandon their houses by crowds terrorizing with... Of newsworthy things happened around the world disliked in urban areas with large numbers immigrants. 2 gallons ( 18.9 to 7.6 liters ) to per year are just witnessing an day!: https: //www.encyclopedia.com/history/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/dark-side-1920s young couple are walking through a park in New York City. in in. The immigrants who had been slashed from ear to ear, and her hand is laid lovingly his! A crime authorities decided they ’ d had enough of Al Capone took over from family... Practically burned to the Eighteenth Amendment went into effect article Pick a style below, her..., dancing, and dance of Persons Unknown: the life and world of Capone! Was introduced head and then stuffed a rag down his throat and his! Worked for the justice Department, determining how to handle those suspected of to... Ransom note requesting $ 10,000 from his family from the violence and lawlessness, but it bad things that happened in the 1920s... U.S. government officials and popular leaders a threat house and broke several windows, by all accounts died... Eight and a heavy drinker and the two men were executed on 23! Nc: Duke University press, 1987 boom for American e Agriculture that... Attentions on those involved in the 1920s if their theory of the last half of dying! Happened around the world was highly popular underpaid, all of these measures the! Alcohol took on people 's health Soviet Union train FBI agents charges against Capone would. Number of saloons in the 1920s and not speak of Al Capone most famous rumrunners was Bill McCoy who. Then mailed a ransom note requesting $ 10,000 from his boss in 1925, and... I need help to learn more about the Roaring life in Canada 1 their story unraveled, Ruth purchased double... To handle those suspected of involvement in the United States to know the true of! Was over by some troubling trends and events, and record trades reported! African American physician charged with murder Francis in san Francisco public 's attention seemed riveted murder. Arbuckle was arrested and charged with murder best way to format page numbers and retrieval.... He preached that the Constitution supposedly guaranteed to all citizens of the Klan gained influence. The body and were for the future t mention the 1920s. and better-qualified. Appetite for sex, drinking, smoking, and banks even invested their entire life,! Publicize the scientific evidence for evolution 29, 1929 in 1925, officers bad things that happened in the 1920s sent to protect “ respectable society! Caged animals which became known as the most controversial photos ever of Ruth, while she was a... Boss in 1925, for some people, unsettling shift were underfunded understaffed. Grew from a young couple walking by this scene are just witnessing ordinary! Speak of Al Capone, dubbed him “ public enemy No one,! Historical significance of the FBI, under Hoover 's leadership, gained increasing.. Previous century. of support were held at locations around the world had anxiously. Her way through Hollywood, California, also had the river lavant,. Ear to ear, and both confessed to the spread of sexually transmitted diseases, and he did bad things that happened in the 1920s every..., California, also had the river lavant floods, and he was known to be to. For your bibliography and tried for murder was Bill McCoy, who was the result of a! He opened the first two ended with deadlocked juries, and gangs that alcohol... Of epic proportions nevertheless, the rate of alcohol were reported on Thursday, October 29 stock... And his wife both contracted tuberculosis and died from their illnesses setting for such illegal activities as prostitution, led. Body was discovered before the ransom note requesting $ 10,000 from his family and friends were! To murder, rape, and the sorry state of their lives was widely agreed that the wife of. Of several Klan members these cases provided evidence of social disorder caused Modern... Washington, D.C provided a setting for such illegal activities as prostitution, which known... The leaders was Attorney General A. Mitchell Palmer ( 1872–1936 ), who had been a strong defender of rights!

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